Presbyterians Today

OCT-NOV 2017

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Pr e s by te r i a n s To d ay | OCTOBER/NOVEMBER 2017 31 "The pastors were awestruck because now they could see in front of them their congregants who had been suffering from HIV/AIDS," Ntowe said. "It was not only something in theory; it became real." About the same time that Ntowe founded PAA, David Barstow attended a similar workshop in Zambia that was sponsored by Westlake Hills Presbyterian Church, his church in Austin, Texas. Surprisingly, the workshop used the same organizational-change techniques he'd taught as a business consultant. "I basically took that as an indicator of God giving me a suggestion that that was an area I should focus on," he said. "EMPACT Africa grew out of that." EMPACT Africa — the name stems from Empowering Pastors to Act — seeks to build stigma-free faith communities in the countries it serves. "The focus for EMPACT Africa has been a conviction that local faith communities are key to solving stigma," Barstow said. "They are the ones that have the closest relationship to people on the ground, and it's the attitudes and behaviors of people on the ground that are the direct drivers of stigma." One simple step EMPACT Africa recommends for pastors and other church leaders is that they get tested for HIV/AIDS. "If everybody gets tested, then there's no shame in the act of getting tested," he said. "The goal would be to have 100 percent of the people in the congregation know their status." EMPACT Africa has worked with PC(USA) mission co-worker Janet Guyer to bring its training to three denominations in South Africa and one each in Zambia and Zimbabwe. Having trained pastors and many laypeople in Cameroon, PAA is ramping up efforts to expand into Lesotho, a small country in southern Africa where a staggering 22.7 percent of the population ages 15 to 49 is HIV-positive. According to Guyer, stigma plays out in many ways, including isolation from friends and family. That was the case with a young AIDS patient Guyer heard about in Malawi, where she is now based. After a pastor started visiting the young woman, people would ask him questions about the disease, allowing him to do informal AIDS training. One day he visited the young woman and was amazed to find a houseful of visitors. "On the way back he asked somebody why did all of a sudden people decide to go visit her," Guyer said. "They said, 'We talked to you about AIDS, and you sounded like you knew what you were doing. You weren't afraid to go visit her, so we figured if you could visit her, we could visit her too.' In that way, they sort of brought reconciliation in the community." Fighting more than stigma From 2002 to 2013, Guyer focused exclusively on AIDS as a regional consultant. Since then, her work has expanded to focus on issues affect- ing women and children in countries from southern Africa to the Horn of Africa. AIDS is never far from her mind, however, since it ties in with other issues. For example, a pervasive problem in many countries is the marriage of young girls to older men — mar- riages that pull girls from school and put them at risk of contracting AIDS. One program Guyer supports in Malawi, the Livingstonia Synod AIDS Programme (LISAP), is working to raise awareness of the issue and to rescue the girls involved. "The mothers' and fathers' groups have been trained to be empowered to look around and see which girls in their community might be at risk and which girls might already have been sold into marriage — the term I like to use — and then to see if there are ways they might bring them back to the family and hopefully back to school," Guyer said. LISAP has rescued more than 300 girls and helped to outlaw child marriage in Malawi. Also important in countries affected by the AIDS epidemic is support for widows, widowers and orphans. "We've tried to stay clear of the institutional response and do community-based care, helping com- munities or even families who are taking in these orphans so that the children have a family, have a caring group," she said. "I think all over Africa that's the natural response." Early in her time in Malawi, Guyer attended a meeting of church leaders where a man mentioned that basically every family is respon - sible for a child orphaned by AIDS. Thinking he was overstating the case, Guyer polled the group. "I went around the room that day and virtu- ally everyone had AIDS orphans that were either living in their home or that they were helping to support in the village," she said. So what can Presbyterians in the United States do about AIDS in Africa? In addition to supporting the work of mission co-workers and organizations like PAA and EMPACT Africa, Barstow says, people need to LEARN MORE The Presbyterian AIDS Network offers resources for those who advocate with and care for persons and families who have been infected or affected by HIV and AIDS: presbyterianmission.org/ministries/phewa/pan Read more about AIDS in the United States: pcusa.org/hivaids-justice Prevent Aids Africa: preventaidsafrica.net Livingstonia Synod AIDS Programme: ccapsolinia.org/lisapccap EMPACT Africa: empactafrica.org/main

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